Health care: patients with hypertension dietary considerations

With the increased incidence of hypertension, increasing emphasis on preventive health care everyone. While a considerable part because of high blood pressure caused by bad eating habits, then hypertensive patients in the diet should pay attention to what?

1. Low salt

Daily use of salt should be strictly controlled at 2-5 g, to minimize the consumption of soy sauce, soy sauce 3-5 ml is equivalent to 1 gram of salt. Pickles, fermented bean curd, bacon, pickles, egg, shrimp, and Chrysanthemum, grass, spinach and other vegetables are high sodium, so try to eat less or not eat.

2. Keep a slight hunger

Eating arrangements should be smaller meals, avoid fullness, maintain weight at normal levels tend to make it easier to control blood pressure. Meanwhile, a variety of antihypertensive drugs may bring on glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism and other adverse effects, hungry, a hungry would be very useful.

3. Calcium

Calcium can not only maintain strong bones strong, soft tissue also need it. Proper calcium nutrition can keep blood pressure stable, and its mechanism of action and calcium can inhibit parathyroid glands secrete a factor induced hypertension have a relationship. Calcium-rich foods are dairy products, such as sunflower seeds, soybeans, peanuts, walnuts, fish, dates, garlic, kelp, seaweed, etc. are also important.

4. High potassium

Potassium-rich foods not only directly benefit blood pressure control, and also avoid some of the side effects of antihypertensive drugs. Mushrooms, dates, beans, almonds, walnuts, potatoes, peanuts, bamboo shoots, fish, lean meat, poultry, root vegetables such as amaranth, rape and green onions, fruits like bananas, peaches, oranges and so rich in potassium.

5. Magnesium supplementation

Magnesium deficiency and hypertension have a clear correlation between magnesium deficiency will appear in the long-term use sparing diuretics in patients with hypertension, attention magnesium supplement helps control blood pressure. Fish, soy, nuts, green leafy vegetables, peanut butter and yogurt rich in magnesium.


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